Brushing your teeth to achieve good dental hygiene is not enough; some practical pieces of advice also need to be implemented to combat tooth decay and prevent cases of gum disease such as gingivitis and periodontitis, bacterial infections that can result in a hard-porous substance called calculus or tartar. Cavities and gum disease can also be painful, leading to serious infections and worsen cardiovascular and respiratory conditions.
Using a toothbrush with soft bristles that adapts to the size of your mouth (to be replaced every three weeks on average) should be the first thing to do to improve good oral hygiene. Your teeth, gums and tongue must be included in your daily brushing (at least three times a day). You should clean both the internal and external parts of each and every dental piece. The correct technique to properly brush the external surface of your dental pieces is to move the toothbrush with a vertical sweeping motion for upper and lower teeth, that is, from the gums downwards (upper teeth) or from the gums upwards (lower teeth). Repeat this movement, at least, 12-13 times.
The brushing of molars and premolar generally requires more care due to the multiple sulci in them and the fact that these dental pieces tend to accumulate a relevant amount of dental plaque.
The most effective technique is to brush in circular movements. Regarding the brushing of the tongue, it is advisable to brush it from top to bottom, avoiding sudden movements that might damage the sensitiveness of the tongue.
Use of dental floss
After brushing your teeth, it is recommendable to use dental floss between the teeth in order to eliminate any remaining food in them as well as between adjacent teeth. This way, the buildup of bacterial plaque and the development of periodontal diseases will be avoided.
Today, there is a wide range of mouthwashes in the market that can help you not only to eliminate bacteria and microorganisms causing cavities and bad breath but also to remineralise dental enamel.
Regular visits to the dentist
It is recommendable to pay a visit to the dentist at least once a year in order to have a more in-depth examination of your mouth and to early detect any type of dental issues.