Tooth wear is a problem affecting more than half the population due to many reasons. It is common to see people with brittle teeth or small cracks affecting the enamel. Although it usually takes place throughout the dental arch, this problem is more noticeable in the front teeth, which negatively affects facial aesthetics and can reduce self-confidence.

Nevertheless, the care of dental pieces is important not only for reasons of beauty but mainly for reasons of health, as healthy teeth are strong and do not cause pain and so other general diseases can then be avoided. The loss of enamel covering and protecting teeth from different conditions is known as teeth wear. This can generate infections and affect the gums, leaving the “door open” to bacteria to enter the body. Besides, in order to keep oral hygiene, it is important to know the habits that can compromise a healthy bright smile. Below we detail the three most common types of wear. Prevention is the best way to ensure oral health.

Erosion
Dental erosion is quite common and age seems to be a factor affecting this condition. Moderate erosion should not be a problem; however, more severe cases can result in pain or sensibility. Physiological wear is caused by circular movements of the jaw, causing the teeth to rub against each other, directly affecting dental crowns. The most extreme cases of attrition are caused by bruxism (involuntary grinding of the teeth).

Abrasion
Abrasion is caused by substances such as gastric acids, mediation, specific foods, etc., which affect both the enamel and the gums and can make teeth more sensitive to different temperatures and cause them to be more prone to cavities as well.

Friction
Brushing your teeth with excessive force can lead to tooth wear by friction, especially when the toothbrush has hard instead of soft bristles. This leads to enamel loss causing sensitiveness, and protection against bacteria decreases.

Although tooth wear tends to appear with the passing of years, some simple practices will help you postpone and reduce dental damage. Maintaining a healthy eating lifestyle, visiting the dentist every six months and keeping proper oral hygiene are some of the factors that will help you display a healthy smile for longer.

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